Spanish Pronouns – by Jon Aske

 

subject

and after

entre menos,

excepto

y según

after most

prepositions

(a,de,por, para, con, hasta, etc.)

after

preposition,

reflexive

direct

object

("patient")§

indirect object

("recipient", "benefactive")§

reflexive

object

pronoun

(direct or

indirect)

possessive

short

(before

a noun)

possessive

long

(after a

noun and

w/ no noun)

speaker

yo

*

(+ mismo/a)†

me

mi

mío/a/s

addressee

(informal)

*

(+ mismo/a) †

te

tu

tuyo/a/s

addressee

(formal)

usted

si *

(+ mismo/a/s) †

lo/la

le (‘se’)‡

se

su

suyo/a/s

other

person

él/ella

other

persons

ellos/ellas

los/las

les (‘se’) ‡

addressees

ustedes

addressees

(informal, Spain)

vosotros/as

(+ mismos/as) †

os

vuestro/a/s

speaker +

other

nosotros/as

(+ mismos/as) †

nos

nuestro/a/s

* After the preposition con: mi, ti, and si add the syllable -go: conmigo "with me", contigo "with you", consigo "with him(self)/her(self)/…"

† Mismo/a/s is typically added to reflexive objects of prepositions.

§ Indirect object pronouns, unlike direct object pronouns, are always used whether or not there is an indirect object noun phrase.

‡ Le and les become se when followed by a direct object pronoun (lo, la, los, las). Not to be confused with reflexive and 'passive' se.

Labeled example sentences:

Subject

indirect

object

direct

object

verb

direct

object

indirect

object

Yo

‘se’

lo

di

(mi libro)

(a mi madre)

I

to her

it

I.gave

my book

to my mother

"I gave it/the book to her/my mother"

Subject

direct object

verb

preposition

refl. pronoun

Ella

lo

compró

para

sí misma

she

it

she.bought

for

helself

"She bought it for herself"