Salem State University




Dr. Jon Aske

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Academic Integrity - Plagiarism - Cheating


Salem State University, and myself in particular, take any form of cheating or academic dishonesty very seriously.

There are many types of cheating: copying in an exam, getting the exam questions beforehand, and putting forth the work or ideas of others as though they were your own (plagiarism), to name the main ones.

One of the most common types of cheating, plagiarism, is not always done maliciously. Some people claim that they don't know they are supposed to attribute every phrase or sentence they copy from some other source. That is why it is very important that you read the statement below.

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Statement on plagiarism

  1. In the state of Massachusetts, it is a misdemeanor for any person, firm or corporation to conduct business for the preparing, selling, distributing, or advertising of term papers, dissertations, or other writings for submission by a person other than the author to any academic institution as a requirement for the completion of a course or the awarding of a degree.
  2. Direct quotes must be placed in quotation marks and footnoted. No alteration of a direct quote is permissible unless the alteration is clearly indicated. An idea taken from a known source, even if rewritten in the student's own words, must be footnoted. If the idea is found in the entire paragraph, footnote the entire paragraph. The same applies to a long incorporation of a borrowed idea.
  3. A distinctive arrangement of facts, including diagrams, tables and outlines should also be footnoted.
  4. Statements of opinion and criticisms should either be precisely quoted or paraphrased with any characteristic phrasing or wording in quotation marks. In either case, a footnote must be used.
  5. Some points to remember are:
    1. a bibliography is not a substitute for footnotes.
    2. follow the instructions of the professor as to the precise form of each paper and the footnotes preferred.
    3. take careful notes, preparatory to writing a source theme and indicate sources, direct quotes and page numbers. This greatly reduces the chance of accidental plagiarism.
    4. When in doubt, footnote!

(Adapted from the Douglass College Redbook, found at this page)

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Other resources

Here are some resources for you to understand what the issues are.

Thanks to the Network Nugget Listserve for many of these links. Network Nuggets is a free service of the Community Learning Network ( and Open School ( By means of Anthea Tillyer aticc@cunyvm.c

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Salem State University | Department of World Languages and Cultures

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Last updated: December 1, 2007